Rhaphiolepis umbellata

(Photo by Jessica Bartek)

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Taxonomy (1,2,3)

Classification: Angiosperm, dicot
Family: Rosaceae
Common name: Yeddo Rhaphiolepis, Yedda Rhaphiolepis, Indian Hawthorn
Varieties: possibly Majestic Beauty

General Information (1,2,3)

Region of Origin: Japan and Korea
USDA Plants Hardiness Zones: 7b-10
Growth Habit: Shrub

  • Size: 10 feet tall
  • Deciduous/Evergreen: Evergreen

Diagnostic Characteristics

Leaves (1,2,3)

  • Arrangement: Alternate
  • Simple/Compound: Simple
  • Shape: Ovate
  • Other: Serrate

(Photo by Jessica Bartek)


(Photo by Jessica Bartek)

Flower (1,2,3)

  • Perfect/Imperfect: Perfect
  • Color: Light pink
  • Size: 3/4 inch
  • Inflorescence type: Panicle or raceme

(Photo by Jessica Bartek)

Fruit (1,2,3)

  • Fruit type: Berry
  • Size: 3/8 to 1/2 inch
  • Color: Bluish-black

Horticultural Information (1,2,3)

  • Light: Full sun to partial shade
  • Soil type: Well-drained
  • pH: 6-7
  • Maintenance: Easy to care for
  • Landscape Uses: Containers, hedge, small tree
  • Other: Avoid places where deer can get to it

Interesting Facts (1)

  • It is salt tolerant.
  • In Japan, a dye is made from the bark.


1) Dirr, M. (1998). Manual of woody landscape plants. (5th ed., pp. 842-844). Champaign, Illinois: Stipes Publishing L.L.C.
2) Russ, K. (2000, April). Indian hawthorn. Retrieved from http://www.clemson.edu/extenstion/hgic/plants/landscape/shrubs/hgic1078.html
3) Scheper, J. (1999, July 02). Rhaphiolepis umbellata. Retrieved from http://www.floridata.com/ref/R/rhap_umb.cfm

Prepared by Jessica Bartek as a course requirement for BIOL 3630/5630, Spring 2013