Aesculus pavia

(Photo by Asia Comer)

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Taxonomy (1)

Classification: Angiosperm, dicot
Family: Hippocastanaceae
Common name: Red Buckeye

General Information (1,2,3)

Region of Origin: United States
USDA Plants Hardiness Zones: 5-9
Growth Habit: Shrub to small tree

  • Size: 8-10 feet
  • Flowering: April-May
  • Fruiting: October

Diagnostic Characteristics

Leaves (1,2)

  • Arrangement: Opposite
  • Simple/Compound: Compound
  • Shape: Oblong-obovate to narrow elliptic
  • Other: Leaflets serrated

(Photo by Asia Comer)

Stem/Bark (2)

  • Color: Olive-brown
  • Texture: Has raised lenticels

(Photo by Asia Comer)

Flower (1)

  • Color: Red
  • Size: 4-10 inches (whole inflorescence)
  • Inflorescence type: Raceme or panicle

(Photo by Asia Comer)

Fruit (1)

  • Fruit type: Capsule
  • Size: 2-3 inches

(Photo by Jessica Bartek)

Horticultural Information (1,3)

  • Light: Full sun to partial shade
  • Soil type: Sand, loam, clay, limestone
  • pH: 3.7-7.0
  • Maintenance: Easy to care for

Interesting Facts (1)

  • Seeds are poisonous


1) Christman, S. (1997). Aesculus pavia. Retrieved from:
2) Dirr, M. (1998). Manual of Woody Landscape Plants. (5th ed., pp. 208-211). Champaign, Illinois: Stipes Publishing L.L.C.
3) United States Department of Agriculture, Natural Resources Conservation Service. (n.d.). Aesculus pavia L. red buckeye AEPA. Retrieved from website:

Prepared by Asia Comer as a course requirement for BIOL 3630/5630, Spring 2013
Edited by Jessica Bartek