Liriope muscari

[Aztec Grass on left, Big Blue variety on right]
(Photos by Logan Petrey)

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Taxonomy (1)

Classification: Angiosperm, monocot
Family: Liliaceae
Common name: Aztec grass, Big Blue or Lily turf (Big Blue variety)
Varieties: Big Blue, Evergreen Giant

General Information (1)

Region of Origin: Eastern Asia
USDA Plants Hardiness Zones: 7-11
Growth Habit: Herb

  • Size: 1-2 feet
  • Deciduous/Evergreen: Evergreen
  • Flowering: Summer
  • Fruiting: Fall

Diagnostic Characteristics

Leaves (1)

  • Simple/Compound: Simple
  • Shape: Ribbon-like
  • Other: Aztec grass has a pale green to yellow coloration; Big Blue has a dark green coloration

[Aztec Grass on left, Big Blue variety on the right]
(Photos by Logan Petrey)

Flower (1)

  • Color: White (Aztec); Lavender (Big Blue)
  • Inflorescence type: Spike

[Aztec Grass on left, Big Blue variety on the right]
(Photos by Jessica Bartek)

Fruit (1)

  • Fruit type: Berry
  • Color: Black or white

(Photo by Logan Petrey)

Horticultural Information (1)

  • Light: Full sun or shade (Big Blue)
  • Maintenance: Low maintenance
  • Landscape Uses: Ground cover, borders
  • Other: Big Blue variety handles colder weather better than Aztec

Interesting Facts (1)

  • Liriope is commonly identified as a grass but is actually in the lily family


1) Scheper, J. (2009). Liriope muscari. Retrieved from

Prepared by Logan Petrey as a course requirement for BIOL 3630/5630, Spring 2013
Edited by Jessica Bartek