Dr. William J. Loughry

Loughry and armadillo face-to-face


Contact Information:Office

Bailey Science Center, Room 2087

Email: jloughry@valdosta.edu

Phone: (229) 333-5765

Personal Website: http://ww2.valdosta.edu/~jloughry/

Courses Taught Other Links
BIOL 2652 Armadillos
BIOL 4650 Current Projects

I. ACADEMIC HISTORY: 

1. B.S. in Biology, University of Pittsburgh, 1976-1980
2. PhD in Animal Behavior, University of California, Davis, 1981-1987

Dissertation Title:  Functional significance of variation in the antipredator behavior of black-tailed prairie dogs, Advisor:  Don Owings

3. N.I.H. Post-Doctoral Trainee in Ethology, University of Tennessee, 1987-1989, Advisor:  Gary McCracken

4. Visiting Assistant Professor of Biology, Southwestern University, 1989-1990

5. Visiting Assistant Professor of Biology, Austin College, 1990-1991

6. Assistant Professor of Biology, Valdosta State University, 1991-1995

7. Associate Professor of Biology, Valdosta State University, 1995-2001 (tenure awarded, May 1996)

CURRENT STATUS: Professor of Biology, Valdosta State University, 2001-present

II. RESEARCH INTERESTS:

armadillo

1. Animal communication, particularly alarm calling and scent recognition

2. Behavioral development

3. Antipredator behavior, especially "mobbing" behavior

4. Ecology and behavior of nine-banded armadillos

5. Functional significance of individual differences in behavior

6. Potential for kin selection in animals (vertebrates) that reproduce clonally


III. PUBLICATIONS: 

Please email me if you would like a reprint of any of the following papers: jloughry@valdosta.edu. You can also choose to print a pdf version of each paper by selecting the pdf option at the end of each citation.

 A. Ground Squirrels:

1.   Owings, D. H. and Loughry, W. J.  (1985).  Variation in snake-elicited jump-yipping by black-tailed prairie dogs:  ontogeny and snake specificity.  Zeitschrift für Tierpsychologie 70:  177-200. PDF

2.   Trulio, L. A., Loughry, W. J., Hennessy, D. F., and Owings, D. H.  (1986).  Infanticide in California ground squirrels.  Animal Behaviour 34:  291-294. PDF

3.   Loughry, W. J.  (1987 a).  Differences between natural and experimental encounters of prairie dogs with snakes.  Animal Behaviour 35:  1568-1570. PDF

4.   Loughry, W. J.  (1987 b).  The dynamics of snake harassment by black-tailed prairie dogs.  Behaviour 103:  27-48. PDF

5.   Loughry, W. J.  (1988).  Population differences in how black-tailed prairie dogs deal with snakes.  Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 22:  61-67. PDF

6.   Loughry, W. J. & McDonough, C. M.  (1988).  Calling and vigilance in California ground squirrels:  a test of the tonic communication hypothesis.  Animal Behaviour 36:  1533-1540. PDF

7.   Loughry, W. J. & McDonough, C. M.  (1989).  Calling and vigilance in California ground squirrels:  age, sex and seasonal differences in responses to calls.  American Midland Naturalist 121:  312-321. PDF

8.   Loughry, W. J.  (1989).  Discrimination of snakes by two populations of black-tailed prairie dogs.  Journal of Mammalogy 70:  627-630. PDF

9.   Loughry, W. J.  (1992).  Ontogeny of time allocation in black-tailed prairie dogs.  Ethology 90:  206-224. PDF

10.  Loughry, W. J.  (1993 a).  Determinants of time allocation by adult and yearling black-tailed prairie dogs.  Behaviour 124:  23-43. PDF

11.  Loughry, W. J.  (1993 b).  Mechanisms of change in the ontogeny of black-tailed prairie dog time budgets.  Ethology 95:  54-64. PDF

12.  Loughry, W. J. & Lazari, A.  (1994).  The ontogeny of individuality in black-tailed prairie dogs, Cynomys ludovicianusCanadian Journal of Zoology 72:  1280-1286. PDF

        B. Bats:

1.  Loughry, W. J. & McCracken, G. F.  (1991).  Factors influencing female-pup scent recognition in Mexican free-tailed bats.  Journal of Mammalogy 72:  624-626. PDF

C. Armadillos:

              Books:

1. Vizcaíno, S. F. & Loughry, W. J. (Eds.). (2008). The Biology of the Xenarthra. University Press of Florida, Gainesville, 370 pp. PDF not available.

2. Loughry, W. J. & McDonough, C. M.  (2013).  The Nine-Banded Armadillo:  A Natural History.  University of Oklahoma Press, Norman, Oklahoma, 323 pp.  PDF not available.

              Book Chapters:

1. McDonough, C. M. & Loughry, W. J.  (2001).  Armadillos.  In:  The New Encyclopedia of Mammals, (D. W. Macdonald, ed.).  Oxford University Press, London, pp. 796-799. PDF

2. McDonough, C. M. & Loughry, W. J. (2003). Armadillos (Dasypodidae). In: Grzimek's Animal Life Encyclopedia. (M. Hutchins, ed.). Gale Group, Farmington Hills, MI, Volume 13 (Mammals II): 181-192. PDF

3. Loughry, W. J., Prodöhl, P. A. & McDonough, C. M. (2005). The inadequacy of observation: understanding armadillo biology with molecular markers. In: Recent Research Developments in Ecology, (S. G. Pandalai, Ed.). Transworld Research Network, Kerala, India, pp. 55-73. PDF

4. McDonough, C. M. & Loughry, W. J. (2006). Armadillos. In: The New Encyclopedia of Mammals, 2nd edition (D. W. Macdonald, ed.). Brown Reference Group, London, pp. 124-127. PDF

5. Vizcaíno, S. F. & Loughry, W. J. (2008). Xenarthran research: past, present, and future. In: The Biology of the Xenarthra (S. F. Vizcaíno & W. J. Loughry, eds.). University Press of Florida, Gainesville, pp. 1-7. PDF not available.

6. McDonough, C. M. & Loughry, W. J. (2008). Behavioral ecology of armadillos. In: The Biology of the Xenarthra (S. F. Vizcaíno & W. J. Loughry, eds.). University Press of Florida, Gainesville, pp. 281-293. PDF not available.

7. Prodöhl, P. A., Loughry, W. J. & McDonough, C. M. (2008). Genes and demes: population genetic analyses of the Xenarthra . In: The Biology of the Xenarthra (S. F. Vizcaíno & W. J. Loughry, eds.). University Press of Florida, Gainesville, pp. 205-211. PDF not available.

              Articles:

1. Loughry, W. J. & McDonough, C. M.  (1994).  Scent discrimination by infant nine-banded armadillos.  Journal of Mammalogy 75:  1033-1039. PDF

2. McDonough, C. M. & Loughry, W. J.  (1995).  Influences on vigilance in nine-banded armadillos.  Ethology 100:  50-60. PDF

3. Loughry, W. J. & McDonough, C. M.  (1996).  Are road-kills valid indicators of armadillo population structure?  American Midland Naturalist 135:  53-59. PDF

4. Prodöhl, P. A., Loughry, W. J., McDonough, C. M., Nelson, W. S. and Avise, J. C. (1996).  Molecular documentation of polyembryony and the micro-spatial dispersion of clonal sibships in the nine-banded armadillo, Dasypus novemcinctusProceedings of the Royal Society, London, Series B 263:  1643-1649. PDF

5. McDonough, C. M. & Loughry, W. J.  (1997 a).  Influences on activity patterns in a population of nine-banded armadillos.  Journal of Mammalogy 78:  932-941. PDF

6. McDonough, C. M. & Loughry, W. J.  (1997 b).  Patterns of mortality in a population of nine-banded armadillos, Dasypus novemcinctusAmerican Midland Naturalist  138:  299-305. PDF

7. Loughry, W. J. & McDonough, C. M.  (1997).  Survey of the Xenarthrans at Poço das Antas Biological Reserve.  Edentata  3:  5-7. PDF

8. Loughry, W. J., Dwyer, G. M. & McDonough, C. M.  (1998).  Behavioral interactions between juvenile nine-banded armadillos (Dasypus novemcinctus) in staged encounters.  American Midland Naturalist 139:  125-132. PDF

9. Prodöhl, P. A., Loughry, W. J., McDonough, C. M., Nelson, W. S., Thompson, E. A. & Avise, J. C.  (1998).  Genetic maternity and paternity in a local population of armadillos assessed by microsatellite DNA markers and field data.  American Naturalist 151:  7-19.  PDF

10. Loughry, W. J. & McDonough, C. M.  (1998).  Spatial patterns in a population of nine-banded armadillos (Dasypus novemcinctus).  American Midland Naturalist 140:  161-169. PDF

11. Loughry, W. J., Prodöhl, P. A., McDonough, C. M. & Avise, J. C.  (1998).  Polyembryony in armadillos.  American Scientist 86:  274-279. PDF

12. Loughry, W. J., Prodöhl, P. A., McDonough, C. M., Nelson, W. S. and Avise, J. C. (1998).  Correlates of reproductive success in a population of nine-banded armadillos.  Canadian Journal of Zoology 76:  1815-1821. PDF

13. McDonough, C. M., McPhee, S. A. & Loughry, W. J.  (1998).  Growth rates of juvenile nine-banded armadillos.  Southwestern Naturalist  43:  462-468. PDF

14. Loughry, W. J. & McDonough, C. M.  (1998).  Comparisons between nine-banded armadillo (Dasypus novemcinctus) populations in Brazil and the United States.  Revista de Biologia Tropical 46:  1173-1183. PDF

15. McDonough, C. M., Delaney, M. A., Le, P. Q., Blackmore, M. S. & Loughry, W. J.  (2000).  Burrow characteristics and habitat associations of armadillos in Brazil and the United States. Revista de Biologia Tropical 48:  109-120. PDF

16. Robertson, E. G., McDonough, C. M. & Loughry, W. J.  (2000). Changes in observability of adult nine-banded armadillos over the summer:  observer effect or seasonal decline?  Florida Field Naturalist 28:  161-172. PDF

17. Loughry, W. J. & McDonough, C. M.  (2001).  Natal recruitment and adult retention in a population of nine-banded armadillos.  Acta Theriologica 46:  393-406. PDF

18. Loughry, W. J., Robertson, E. G. & McDonough, C. M.  (2002). Patterns of anatomical damage in a population of nine-banded armadillos Dasypus novemcinctus (Xenarthra, Dasypodidae). Mammalia 66:  111-122. PDF

19. Loughry, W. J. & McDonough, C. M.  (2002).  Phenotypic variability within and between litters of nine-banded armadillos.  Southeastern Naturalist 1:  287-298. PDF

20. McDonough, C. M. & Loughry, W. J. (2005). Impacts of land management practices on a population of nine-banded armadillos in northern Florida. Wildlife Society Bulletin 33: 1198-1209. PDF

21. McDonough, C. M., Lockhart, J. M., & Loughry, W. J. (2007). Population dynamics of nine-banded armadillos: insights from a removal experiment. Southeastern Naturalist 6: 381-392. PDF

22. Loughry, W. J., Truman, R. W., McDonough, C. M., Tilak, M-K., Garnier, S. & Delsuc, F. (2009). Is leprosy spreading among nine-banded armadillos in the southeastern United States? Journal of Wildlife Diseases 45: 144-152. PDF

23. Morgan, R. E. & Loughry, W. J. (2009). Consequences of exposure to leprosy in a population of wild nine-banded armadillos. Journal of Mammalogy 90: 1363-1369. PDF

24. Ancona, K. A. & Loughry, W. J. (2009). Time budgets of wild nine-banded armadillos. Southeastern Naturalist 8: 587-598. PDF

25.Ancona, K. A. & Loughry, W. J. (2010). Sources of variation in the time budgets of wild nine-banded armadillos. Mammalia 74: 127-134. PDF

26. Molecular Ecology Resources Primer Development Consortium, et al. (2010). Permanent genetic resources added to Molecular Ecology database 1 April 2010-31 May 2010. Molecular Ecology Resources 10: 1098-1105. PDF

27. Superina, M. & Loughry, W. J. (2012). Life on the half-shell: consequences of a carapace in the evolution of armadillos (Xenarthra: Cingulata). Journal of Mammalian Evolution 19:  217-224.  PDF 

28. Williams, A. J. & Loughry, W. J.  (2012).  Temporal aspects of leprosy infection in a wild population of nine-banded armadillos.  Southeastern Naturalist 11:  173-182.  PDF

29. Loughry, W. J., Perez-Heydrich, C., McDonough, C. M & Oli, M. K.  (2013).  Population ecology of the nine-banded armadillo in Florida.   Journal of Mammalogy 94:  408-416.  PDF

30. Loughry, W. J., Perez-Heydrich, C., McDonough, C. M & Oli, M. K.  (2013).  Population dynamics and range expansion in nine-banded armadillos.  PLoS One 8: e68311.  PDF

31. Jarvis, T. A., Lockhart, J. M., Loughry, W. J. & Bielmyer, G. K.  (2013).  Metal accumulation in wild nine-banded armadillos.  Ecotoxicology 22:  1053-1062.  PDF

32. Loughry, W. J., & McDonough, C. M.  (2013).  Beyond natural history:  some thoughts about research priorities in the study of xenarthrans.  Edentata 14:  9-14.  PDF

D. Non-refereed Publications:

 1. Smith, M. E. & Loughry, W. J.  (1994).  Laboratory manual for human anatomy and physiology.  Burgess Publishing Co., Edina, MN. (2nd edition, 1998; 3rd edition, 2002)

2. Loughry, W. J. & McDonough, C. M.  (2003).  Update on nine-banded armadillo research in the U.S.  Edentata 5:  63-64.

3. Loughry, W. J.  (2011).  What you need to know about armadillos and leprosy.  One Health 4:6-7.  Newsletter of the Department of Health, State of Florida